Abraham

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Abraham (Hebrew: אַבְרָהָם, Modern Avraham Tiberian ʼAḇrāhām, Arabic: إبراهيم‎, Ibrāhīm, ʼAbrəham, Greek: Aβραάμ), whose birth name was Abram, was a Semite, a descendant of Noah’s son Shem.[1] Abraham was also the first person in the Hebrew Bible to be called a "Hebrew".[2] Thus, in a contemporary context, all Jews can trace their ancestry back to Abraham the father of the Hebrew nation,[3] through the line of his second son Isaac. It is also said that the Patriarch is the ancestor of Mohammad, through Abraham’s firstborn son Ishmael.

Abraham’s life is recorded in the Book of Genesis who was the Patriarch of a multitude of nations, namely the Israelites, Ishmaelites, Edomites and the Midianites. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have been referred to as the "Abrahamic religions" because of the progenitor role that Abraham plays in their holy books. According to Genesis, this role as a progenitor could only be fulfilled through a monotheistic covenant that was established between he and the Hebrew God, Yahweh.

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