Absolute pitch

related topics
{album, band, music}
{theory, work, human}
{language, word, form}
{rate, high, increase}
{disease, patient, cell}
{system, computer, user}
{woman, child, man}
{@card@, make, design}

Absolute pitch (AP), widely referred to as perfect pitch, is the ability of a person to identify or re-create a given musical note without the benefit of an external reference.



Absolute pitch (AP), or perfect pitch, is the ability to name or reproduce a tone without reference to an external standard.[1]

The naming/labeling of notes need not be verbal. AP can also be demonstrated by other codes such as auditory imagery or sensorimotor responses, for example, reproducing a tone on an instrument. Therefore a musician from an aural tradition, with no musical notation, can still exhibit AP when asked to reproduce a sounded note.[2][3]

Possessors of absolute pitch exhibit the ability in varying degrees. Generally, absolute pitch implies some or all of the following abilities when done without reference to an external standard:[4]

  • Identify by name individual pitches (e.g. A, B, C♯) played on various instruments
  • Name the key of a given piece of tonal music just by listening (without reference to an external tone)
  • Identify and name all the tones of a given chord or other tonal mass
  • Accurately sing a given pitch without an external reference
  • Name the pitches of common everyday noises such as car horns
  • Identify the numerical value in hertz of a given note.

Full article ▸

related documents
Popular music
Music lesson
Music history
La Monte Young
Henryk Górecki
Luciano Berio
Wilhelm Furtwängler
Laibach (band)
Dieterich Buxtehude
Piano Sonata No. 14 (Beethoven)
Ladislav Kupkovič
Luc Ferrari
Charles-Marie Widor
William Walton
Meantone temperament
Glenn Branca
America Eats Its Young
Vienna Philharmonic
The Choir
Harry Partch
Sigur Rós
Celtic metal
Boston Symphony Orchestra
Paul Whiteman
David Ellefson