Achille Lauro

related topics
{ship, engine, design}
{war, force, army}
{service, military, aircraft}
{son, year, death}
{build, building, house}
{car, race, vehicle}
{mi², represent, 1st}

MS Achille Lauro was a cruise ship based in Naples, Italy. Built between 1939 and 1947 as MS Willem Ruys, a passenger liner for the Rotterdamsche Lloyd. She is most remembered for her 1985 hijacking. In 1994, the ship caught fire and sank in the Indian Ocean off Somalia.

Contents

Concept and construction

Ordered in 1938 to replace the aging ships on the Dutch East Indies route, her keel was laid in 1939 at De Schelde shipyard in Vlissingen, Netherlands, for Rotterdamsche Lloyd (now Nedlloyd). Interrupted by World War II and two bombing raids, the ship was not launched until July 1946 as the Willem Ruys. The ship was named after the grandson of the founder of the Rotterdamsche Lloyd who was taken hostage and shot during the war. Willem Ruys was completed in late 1947. At that time, the Rotterdamsche Lloyd had been granted a royal prefix in honor of its services during the war. Willem Ruys was 192 metres (630 ft) in length, 25 metres (82 ft) in beam, had a draught of 8.9 metres (29.2 ft), and measured 21,119 gross register tons. Eight Sulzer engines drove two propellers. She could accommodate 900 passengers. She featured a superstructure very different to other liners of that era: Willem Ruys pioneered low-slung aluminium lifeboats, within the upper-works’ flanks. The next ship to adopt this unique arrangement was the SS Canberra in 1961. Today, all cruise ships follow this layout.

Service history

As the Willem Ruys

On the East Indies route

As Willem Ruys, the ship began her maiden voyage on December 2, 1947. Together with her main competitor and running mate, the MS Oranje of the Netherland Line, she became a popular fixture on the Dutch East Indies route. However, when the East Indies gained independence from The Netherlands in 1949, passengers numbers decreased.

Full article ▸

related documents
German submarine U-238
High Mobility Artillery Rocket System
Rapier missile
Bristol Pegasus
MGM-140 ATACMS
Aviation Traders
Luna 5
Operation Deadlight
Surveyor Program
MV Virginian (T-AK 9205)
USS S-1 (SS-105)
Mikhail Kalashnikov
CSS Scorpion
SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse
NoCGV Svalbard
Cosmos 21
Full metal jacket bullet
E-3 Sentry
Soviet submarine K-219
Denis Papin
USS R-14 (SS-91)
RQ-3 DarkStar
S1G reactor
Lady Elgin (steamship)
Surveyor 2
Blue Steel missile
Naval ship
Henry Shrapnel
HMS Dunraven
Lightvessels in the United Kingdom