Act of Parliament

related topics
{government, party, election}
{law, state, case}
{language, word, form}
{work, book, publish}
{build, building, house}
{area, part, region}
{day, year, event}

An act of Parliament (Act of Parliament)[1] is a statute (commonly called a law) enacted as primary legislation by a national or sub-national parliament.

In Commonwealth countries, the term is used both in a narrow sense, as the formal description of a law passed in certain territories, and in a wider (generic) sense for primary legislation passed in any country.



A draft act of Parliament is known as a bill.

In territories with a Westminster system, most bills that have any possibility of becoming law are introduced into parliament by the government. This will usually happen following the publication of a "white paper", setting out the issues and the way in which the proposed new law is intended to deal with them. A bill may also be introduced into parliament without formal government backing; this is known as a private member's bill.

In territories with a multicameral parliament, most bills may be first introduced in any chamber. However, certain types of legislation are required, either by constitutional convention or by law, to be introduced into a specific chamber. For example, bills imposing a tax, or involving public expenditure, are introduced into the House of Commons in the United Kingdom by convention, and in Canada's House of Commons and Ireland's Dáil as a matter of law. Conversely, bills proposed by the Law Commission and consolidation bills traditionally start in the House of Lords.

Full article ▸

related documents
Principality of Sealand
Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Vernon, California
Edwin Meese
Non-Departmental Public Body
Gag rule
Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Propaganda Due
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Northern Mariana Islands
United Nations Commission on Human Rights
Taiwan Relations Act
Dedham, Massachusetts
Parliamentary procedure
Ruud Lubbers
Federalist Society
John N. Mitchell
Stringtown, Oklahoma
Federal Constitutional Court of Germany
Point of order
Rambouillet Agreement
Office of Management and Budget
Chicago Heights, Illinois
Ceann Comhairle
Foreign relations of the Maldives
Act of Congress