Adak, Alaska

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Adak (pronounced /ˈeɪdæk/), formerly Adak Station, is a city in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 316, and 361 in 2009.[2] It is the westernmost municipality in the United States and the southernmost city in Alaska.[3] (See Extreme points of the United States.) There are no radio stations in Adak and no stations even 200 miles (320 km) away. The only radio stations that can be received in Adak are through satellite or shortwave receivers.

Contents

Location and climate

Adak is located at 51.872° North, 176.636° West (Sec. 10, T096S, R195W, Seward Meridian).[4] Adak is located in the Aleutian Islands Recording District, and the 3rd Judicial District.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 127.3 square miles (329.8 km²), of which, 122.4 square miles (317 km²) of it is land and 4.9 square miles (12.8 km²) of it (3.87%) is water.

Adak is located on Kuluk Bay on Adak Island in the Andreanof Islands group of the Aleutian Islands. It lies 1,200 miles (1,930 km) southwest of Anchorage and 450 miles (724 km) west of Dutch Harbor, near the Russian end of the arc that makes up this volcanic island chain. Flight time to Anchorage is three hours or longer depending on weather. Adak is the southern-most community in Alaska and on the same latitude as Vancouver Island in Canada, and Brussels, Belgium.

Adak lies in the maritime climate zone, characterized by persistently overcast skies, moderated temperatures, high winds, and frequent cyclonic storms. Winter squalls produce wind gusts in excess of 100 knots (190 km/h). During the summer, extensive fog forms over the Bering Sea and North Pacific. Average temperatures range from 20 to 60 °F (16 °C), but wind chill factors can be severe. Total precipitation is 64 inches (1,600 mm) annually, with an average accumulated snowfall of 100 inches (2,500 mm), falling primarily on the upper reaches of the volcanoes.

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