Aditi (Aditi - Sanskrit अदिति, limitless) [from a without + diti bound from the verbal root da to bind] boundless, free; as a noun, infinite and shoreless expanse. In the Vedas, Aditi is Devamatri (mother of the celestial gods) as from and in her cosmic matrix all the heavenly bodies were born. As the celestial virgin and mother of every existing form and being, the synthesis of all things, she is highest Akasha. Aditi is also identified with Vāc (mystic speech) in the Rig Veda, and with the Mulaprakriti or Prakriti in Vedanta. As the womb of space, she is a feminized form of Brahma. The line in the Rig Veda, "Daksha sprang from Aditi and Aditi from Daksha" (RV 10.72.4) has reference to "the eternal cyclic re-birth of the same divine essence". In one of the most mystic aspects, Aditi is divine wisdom. Aditi is the goddess of space, consciousness, the past, the future, and fertility.
Aditi is becoming a widespread popular name since the last few years. In India, it was a unique yet not common name in the Northern parts. So many new parents, living around the globe, who are looking for sweet and new Indian names, opt for Aditi, not even knowing its roots in the Vedas.
In the Vedas
Aditi is mentioned nearly eighty times in the Rig Veda. She is usually mentioned along with other gods and goddesses, there is no one hymn addressed exclusively to her, and unlike many other Vedic gods. She is perhaps not related to a particular natural phenomenon like other gods. Compared to Usha and Prithvi, Aditi can be defined as the cosmic creatrix, the creativity of the all-creating.
Perhaps the most outstanding attribute of Aditi is her motherhood. She is preeminently the mother of 12 Adityas whose names are as follows: Vivasvān, Aryamā, Pūṣā, Tvaṣṭā, Savitā, Bhaga, Dhātā, Vidhātā, Varuṇa, Mitra, Śatru, and Urukrama. Aditi is also said to be the mother of the great god Indra, the mother of kings (2.27), and the mother of gods (1.113.19). In the Rig Veda. Aditi is one of most important figures of all.
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