Admiral

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Admiral of the FleetFleet Admiral
General AdmiralGrand AdmiralAdmiral
Squadron AdmiralFlotilla Admiral
Vice-AdmiralLieutenant Admiral
Rear AdmiralCounter Admiral
Commodore AdmiralSchout-bij-nacht
Port AdmiralCommodore

Fleet CaptainPost Captain
CaptainShip-of-the-Line Captain
Captain of Sea and WarCaptain at Sea
Corvette CaptainCommander
Frigate CaptainLieutenant Commander

Captain LieutenantFlag Lieutenant
LieutenantShip-of-the-Line Lieutenant
Corvette LieutenantFrigate Lieutenant
Lieutenant (junior grade)Sub-Lieutenant
Ensign

Passed MidshipmanMidshipman
Naval Cadet

Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. It is usually considered a full admiral (equivalent to full general) and above Vice Admiral and below Admiral of the Fleet/Fleet Admiral. It is usually abbreviated to "Adm" or "ADM". Where relevant, Admiral has a NATO code of OF-9, and is a 4 star rank.

Contents

History and origins

The word Admiral in Middle English comes from Anglo-French amiral, "commander", from Medieval Latin admiralis, "emir", admirallus, "admiral", from Arabic amir-al- أمير الـ, "commander of the" (as in amir-al-bahr أمير البحر "commander of the sea").[1] Crusaders learned the term during their encounters with the Arabs, perhaps as early as the 11th century. The Sicilians and later Genoese took the first two parts of the term and used them as one word, amiral, from their Aragon opponents. The French and Spanish gave their sea commanders similar titles while in Portuguese the word changed to almirante. As the word was used by people speaking Latin or Latin-based languages it gained the "d" and endured a series of different endings and spellings leading to the English spelling "admyrall" in the 14th century and to "admiral" by the 16th century.

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