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OJSC "Aeroflot — Russian Airlines" (Russian: ОАО «Аэрофлот — Российские авиалинии») (MICEX:AFLT RTS:AFLT), commonly known as Aeroflot (Аэрофлот, English translation: "air fleet"), is the flag carrier and largest airline in Russia, based on passengers carried per year. Aeroflot operates domestic and international passenger services to 97 cities in 48 countries, mainly from Sheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow, using a fleet of 91 aircraft.

Headquartered in Moscow,[4] Aeroflot is one of the oldest airlines in the world, tracing its history back to 1923. In 1956, it became the first airline to successfully operate regular jet airliner services (with the Tupolev Tu-104), Czech Airlines being the second airline to do so in 1957.

During the Soviet era, Aeroflot was the Soviet national airline and the largest airline in the world.[5][6] Since the dissolution of the USSR, Aeroflot has been transformed from a state-run enterprise into a semi-privatised airline which ranks amongst the most profitable in the world.[7] Aeroflot is still considered the de facto national airline of Russia.[8]

Aeroflot has embarked on a fleet modernisation program, extensive route restructuring, and an image overhaul. The airline joined SkyTeam in April 2006.[7]

The company is chaired by Viktor Ivanov, and the general director is Vitaly Savelev.


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