Agency, Iowa

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Agency is a city in Wapello County, Iowa, United States. The population was 622 at the 2000 census. It is the historic site of an Indian trading post and the grave of Chief Wapello.



An Indian agency was established here in 1838 and operated until the local tribes were moved to Kansas. The town was founded on the site of the agency in 1843 and incorporated in 1859.[1]

Agency is the resting place for Chief Wapello. Chief Wapello was second in command in the Sac and Fox tribe, just under Chief Keokuk. Chief Wapello is buried next to his good friend General Joseph M. Street, and his family.[2] On April 11, 2001, a F2 tornado ripped through Agency destroying or damaging dozens of structures. Two people were killed and three others injured.[citation needed]


Agency is located at 40°59′44″N 92°18′27″W / 40.99556°N 92.3075°W / 40.99556; -92.3075 (40.995432, -92.307532)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 622 people, 272 households, and 178 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,074.6 people per square mile (414.1/km²). There were 286 housing units at an average density of 494.1/sq mi (190.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.20% White, 0.16% African American, 0.48% Asian, 0.16% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

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