Agni

related topics
{god, call, give}
{@card@, make, design}
{language, word, form}
{line, north, south}
{food, make, wine}

Agni (Sanskrit: अग्नि) is a Hindu deity, one of the most important of the Vedic gods. He is the god of fire[1] and the acceptor of sacrifices. The sacrifices made to Agni go to the deities because Agni is a messenger from and to the other gods. He is ever-young, because the fire is re-lit every day, and also immortal.

Agni, the Vedic god of fire who presides over the earth, has made the transition into the Hindu pantheon of gods, without losing his importance. With Vayu and Indra, who presided over the air and sky, he is one of the supreme gods in the Rig Veda. The link between heaven and earth, he is associated with Vedic sacrifice, taking offerings to the other world in the fire. His vehicle is the ram.[2]

Contents

Etymology

The word agni is Sanskrit for "fire" (noun), cognate with Latin ignis (the root of English ignite), Russian огонь (ogon), Polish "ogień," Lithuanian - ugnis - all with the meaning 'fire', with the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European root being h₁égni-. Agni has three forms: fire, lightning and the sun.[3]

In the Vedas

Babylonian

Greek

Hinduism (Tattva) and
Buddhism (Mahābhūta)

Chinese (Wuxing)

Japanese (Godai)

Tibetan (Bön)

Medieval Alchemy

Agni is the first word of the first hymn of the Rigveda:-

अग्नि॒म् ई॑ळे पुरो॒हि॑तं यज्ञ॒स्य॑ देव॒म् ऋत्वि॒ज॑म् । होता॑रं रत्नधा॒त॑मम् ॥

agním īḷe puróhitaṃ / yajñásya devám ṛtvíjam / hótāraṃ ratnadhâtamam

Agni I laud, the high priest, god, minister of sacrifice, The invoker, lavishest of wealth.

Full article ▸

related documents
Io (mythology)
Gjálp and Greip
Styx
Ninhursag
Nekhbet
Bifröst
Minerva
Iroquois mythology
Maia (Middle-earth)
Third Nephi
Gukumatz
Cacus
Hermaphroditus
Nótt
Renenutet
Sin (mythology)
Pegasus
Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age
Omphalos
Elagabalus (deity)
Vanir
Book of Proverbs
Unknown God
Lofsöngur
Khonsu
Anteros
Mystery cult
Loa
Radagast (Middle-earth)
Aditi