Ahmad Shah Durrani

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Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (c.1722–1773) (Pashto/Persian: احمد شاه درانی), also known as Ahmad Shāh Abdālī (Pashto/Persian: احمد شاه ابدالي) and born as Ahmad Khān Abdālī, was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded by many to be the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan.[1][2][3][4]

He enlisted as a young soldier in the military of the Afsharid kingdom and quickly risen to a commander of four thousand Abdali Pashtun soldiers.[5] After the death of Nader Shah Afshar of Persia in June 1747, Ahmad Shah Abdali became the Emir of Khorasan. Rallying Pashtun people and allies, he pushed east towards the Mughal Empire of India and west towards the disintegrating Afsharid Empire of Persia. Within a couple of years he had conquered all of today's Afghanistan and Pakistan, including much of northeastern Iran and the Punjab region in the Indian subcontinent.[3][6]

The Afghans often refer to him as Ahmad Shah Bābā (Ahmad Shah the "father").[2][7][8][9] His mausoleum is located at Kandahar, Afghanistan, adjacent to the famous Mosque of the Cloak of the Prophet Mohammed in the center of the city.


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