Aircraft hijacking

related topics
{law, state, case}
{service, military, aircraft}
{war, force, army}
{ship, engine, design}

Aircraft hijacking (also known as skyjacking and sky controlling) is the unlawful seizure of an aircraft by an individual or a group. In most cases, the pilot is forced to fly according to the orders of the hijackers. Occasionally, however, the hijackers have flown the aircraft themselves. In at least one case, a plane was hijacked by the official pilot.[1][2]

Unlike the typical hijackings of land vehicles or ships, skyjacking is not usually committed for robbery or theft. Most aircraft hijackers intend to use the passengers as hostages, either for monetary ransom or for some political or administrative concession by authorities. Motives vary from demanding the release of certain inmates (notably IC-814) to highlighting the grievances of a particular community (notably AF 8969). Hijackers also have used aircraft as a weapon to target particular locations (notably during the September 11, 2001 attacks).

Hijackings for hostages commonly produce an armed standoff during a period of negotiation between hijackers and authorities, followed by some form of settlement. Settlements do not always meet the hijackers' original demands. If the hijackers' demands are deemed too great and the perpetrators show no inclination to surrender, authorities sometimes employ armed special forces to attempt a rescue of the hostages (notably Operation Entebbe).



The first recorded aircraft hijack took place on February 21, 1931, in Arequipa, Peru. Byron Rickards, flying a Ford Tri-Motor, was approached on the ground by armed revolutionaries. He refused to fly them anywhere and after a 10-day standoff Rickards was informed that the revolution was successful and he could go in return for giving one group member a lift to Lima. [3]

Full article ▸

related documents
U.S. government response to the September 11 attacks
Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation
Airport security repercussions due to the September 11 attacks
State Sponsors of Terrorism
Common carrier
Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution
Nawaf al-Hazmi
Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Federal Aviation Regulations
John Walker Lindh
William Calley
Rambouillet Agreement
Licio Gelli
United States Department of Justice
2002 Mombasa attacks
Treaty on Open Skies
Fraser Committee
Bronze Star Medal
Seventh Amendment to the United States Constitution
Cause of action
Consensual crime
Geneva Conventions
Nonjudicial punishment
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
Louise Arbour
Third Amendment to the United States Constitution