Akiachak, Alaska

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Akiachak (ACK-ee-uh-chuck) (Akiacuar in Central Yup'ik) is a census-designated place (CDP) in the Bethel Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska. The population was 585 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography and climate

Akiachak is located at 60°54′34″N 161°25′53″W / 60.90944°N 161.43139°W / 60.90944; -161.43139 (60.909440, -161.43139)[1], Sec. 36, T010N, R069W, Seward Meridian) in the Bethel Recording District.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.8 square miles (18 km2), of which, 6.8 square miles (17.5 km2) of it is land and 0.15% is water.

Akiachak is located on the west bank of the Kuskokwim River in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, 18 miles northeast of Bethel. The area averages 16 inches (40.64 cm) of precipitation, with snowfall of 50 inches (127.00 cm). Summer temperatures range from 42 to 62 °F (6 to 17 °C). Winter temperatures range from -2 to 19 °F (-19 to -7 °C).

History and culture

The area was used by the Yup'ik Eskimos as a seasonal subsistence site. Called "Akiakchagamiut" in the 1890 census, the village had a population of 43 at that time. A post office was established in 1934. It incorporated as a second-class city on February 7, 1974. The city government was dissolved in 1987, in favor of traditional village council governance.

A federally-recognized tribe, the Akiachak Native Community, is located in the community. Akiachak is a Yup'ik Eskimo village with a fishing and subsistence lifestyle. It has a strong traditional community, and was the first city in Alaska to dissolve its city government in favor of the Native village government. The sale, importation and possession of alcohol are banned in the village.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 585 people, 133 households, and 111 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 86.5 people per square mile (33.4/km2). There were 150 housing units at an average density of 22.2/sq mi (8.6/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 3.42% White, 92.31% Native American, and 4.27% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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