Alabama, New York

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Alabama is a town in Genesee County, New York, United States. The town is in the northwest part of the county. New York State Route 63 and New York State Route 77 intersect in the town. The population was 1,881 at the 2000 census. The town is named after the State of Alabama.



French fur trader William Poudrit set up a trading post in what is now the Tonawanda Indian Reservation. A form of his name, "Poodry," is current among the Native Americans. The town was first settled around 1806 in West Alabama. The Town of Alabama was established in 1826 from a part of the Town of Pembroke and the Town of Shelby (Orleans County). The town was originally called the "Town of Gerrysville" after Vice-President Elbridge Gerry. In 1828 the town assumed its current name.

Some of the water from local sour springs, eight in total, was once bottled for medicinal use. A thirty-seven room hotel was erected on the property and named "Spring House". The building burned in 1914. The land is now part of the Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.8 square miles (110.7 km²), of which, 42.5 square miles (110.2 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.49%) is water.

The Tonawanda Creek flows through south part of the town, and Oak Orchard Creek flows through the north part.

The north town line is the border of Orleans County and the west town line is the border of Erie County and Niagara County.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,881 people, 663 households, and 483 families residing in the town. The population density was 44.2 people per square mile (17.1/km²). There were 700 housing units at an average density of 16.5/sq mi (6.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.16% White, 0.85% African American, 2.23% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

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