Alachua, Florida

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Alachua is a city in Alachua County, Florida, United States. According to 2006 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, the city's population was 7,554.[2] The city is part of the Gainesville, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is home to 243,985 people.[5]



Alachua was established in 1884 on a railroad line, after the railroad had bypassed nearby Newnansville. Alachua got a post office in 1887 and was incorporated as a city on 12 April 1905, at which time it had a population of 526 people.


Alachua is located at 29°46′45″N 82°28′47″W / 29.77917°N 82.47972°W / 29.77917; -82.47972 (29.779286, -82.479849).[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.05 square miles (75.2 km2). 28.90 square miles (74.9 km2) of it is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2) of it (0.52%) is water.


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 6,098 people, 2,348 households, and 1,751 families residing in the city. The population density was 211.0/mi² (81.5/km²). There were 2,501 housing units at an average density of 86.5/mi² (33.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.56% White, 29.08% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 1.13% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.61% of the population.

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