Alejandro Toledo

related topics
{government, party, election}
{company, market, business}
{son, year, death}
{work, book, publish}
{rate, high, increase}
{country, population, people}
{school, student, university}
{ship, engine, design}
{city, population, household}
{line, north, south}
{town, population, incorporate}

Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique (born 28 March 1946) is a Peruvian politician He was President of Peru from 2001 to 2006. He was elected in 2001 defeating former President Alan García. Toledo came to international prominence after leading the opposition against President Alberto Fujimori, who held the presidency from 1990 to 2000.

After his presidential term, Toledo left Peru and went to the USA where he was a Distinguished Scholar in Residence at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University during the 2006-2008 academic years. In 2007-2008 he was a Payne Distinguished Visiting Lecturer at Stanford University's Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and a CDDRL (Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law) Visiting Scholar[1]. Simultaneously, Dr. Toledo founded and continues to serve as the President of the Global Center for Development and Democracy, which is based in Latin America, the United States, and the European Union. Dr. Toledo is currently a Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, D.C., and also a Non-Resident Senior Fellow in Foreign Policy and Global Economy and Development at the Brookings Institution.


Early years

Toledo is one of sixteen children of a family of indigenous campesinos of Quechua heritage[2]. He was born in the village of Ferrer, Bolognesi but registered in the nearby town of Cabana, Pallasca Province, Ancash Department. He grew up in Chimbote, a city on Peru's northern coast. His father was a bricklayer and his mother was a fishmonger. As a child, he worked shining shoes.

Toledo studied at the local state school, G.U.E. San Pedro. At age 16, with the guidance of members of the Peace Corps, Toledo enrolled at the University of San Francisco on a one-year scholarship. He completed his Bachelor's degree in economics by obtaining a partial soccer scholarship and working part-time pumping gas. Later on, he attended Stanford University, where he received a Masters in Economics, a Masters in Education, and completed his PhD in Economics of Human Resources (in 1993) at the Stanford International Development Education Center. After working abroad, he became a professor of Economics at the Universidad del Pacífico in Peru and then at ESAN (Escuela de Administración de Negocios para Graduados) in Peru.

Full article ▸

related documents
Foreign relations of Switzerland
Caribbean Community
Nursultan Nazarbayev
Mary McAleese
Politics of Georgia
United States presidential election, 1880
Politics of Comoros
Ernest Hollings
United States presidential election, 1848
United States presidential election, 1800
Responsible government
Fernando Henrique Cardoso
European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
Politics of Albania
United States presidential election, 1920
Prime Minister of India
United States presidential election, 1888
United States presidential election, 1789
Fernando Collor de Mello
United States presidential election, 1928
John Cain II
United States presidential election, 1844
Politics of Algeria
State Council of the People's Republic of China
Independence Party of Minnesota
Politics of Oman
Politics of Hungary
Netherlands cabinet Balkenende-1
Politics of Chad