Alexandria, New Hampshire

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Alexandria is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,329 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 1,536.[1] Newfound Lake is in the northeast corner, with Wellington State Park on the western shore. The town is home to Welton Falls State Forest. Cardigan State Park, with Mount Cardigan, is in the west. Another attraction is Mowglis Mountain, named for Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book hero.

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History

Granted in 1753 by the Masonian Proprietors, the town was named for Alexandria, Virginia, location of a 1755 conference of governors that resulted in declaration of the French and Indian War. First settled in 1769 by John Moore Corliss and his brother Jonathan, it was incorporated by the General Court in 1782. Danbury was set off and incorporated in 1795.

Although farmers found parts of the terrain mountainous, other parts were level intervale suited for cultivation. By 1859, when the population was 1,273, agriculture was a chief occupation. The town also had a carriage maker, nine sawmills and three gristmills.[2]

Alexandria was the birthplace of Luther C. Ladd (1843–1861), the first enlisted soldier to lose his life in the Civil War, shot during the Baltimore Riot. Today, the town is home to Cardigan Lodge, the Appalachian Mountain Club facility at the base of Mount Cardigan.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.1 square miles (112 km2), of which 43.0 sq mi (111 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) is water, comprising 0.23% of the town. Alexandria is drained by the Fowler River. Mount Cardigan, elevation 3,121 feet (951 m), is on the western boundary of the town. The summit is in the town of Orange, while the highest point in Alexandria is on the Firescrew ridge to the north, where the elevation reaches 3,040 ft (930 m). Alexandria lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.[3]

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