Alfonso II of Asturias

related topics
{son, year, death}
{church, century, christian}
{god, call, give}
{war, force, army}
{government, party, election}
{build, building, house}

Alfonso II (759–842), called the Chaste, was the king of Asturias from 791 to his death, the son of Fruela I and the Basque Munia.

He was born in Oviedo in 759 or 760. He was put under the guardianship of his aunt Adosinda after his father's death, but one tradition relates his being put in the monastery of Samos. He was the governor of the palace during the reign of Adosinda's husband Silo. On Silo's death, he was elected king by Adosinda's allies, but the magnates raised his uncle Mauregatus to the throne instead. Alfonso fled to Álava to live with his maternal relatives.

Mauregatus was succeeded by Bermudo, Alfonso's cousin, who abdicated after his defeat at Burbia. Alfonso was subsequently elected king on 14 September 791. The events of his reign are in reality almost unknown. Poets of a later generation invented the story of the secret marriage of his sister Ximena to Sancho, count of Saldana, and the feats of their son Bernardo del Carpio. Bernardo is the hero of a cantar de gesta (chanson de geste) written to please the anarchical spirit of the nobles.

What is known is that he maintained contact with the court of Charlemagne. He sent delegations to Aachen in 796, 797, and 798, but we do not know the purposes. They may have dealt with the security of his kingdom from the ongoing attacks of the Ibn Mugait brothers. On the other hand, they may have been related to the adoptionist controversy which had brought Bermudo's kingdom into Charlemagne's view.

Militarily, Alfonso did much to secure his own realm against the Moors. He took Lisbon in 798. He defeated the Moslems at Narón and Anceo (825) and, thanks to these victories, began the repopulation of parts of Galicia, León, and Castile.

Alfonso also moved the capital from Pravia, where Silo had located it, to Oviedo, the city of his father's founding and his birth. There he constructed churches and a palace. He built San Tirso, where he is buried, and Santullano, on the outskirts. The Crónica Sebastianense records his death in 842, saying:

Tradition relates that in 814, the body of Saint James the Greater was discovered in Compostela and that Alfonso was the first pilgrim to that famous medieval (and modern) shrine.

References

Full article ▸

related documents
Alfonso III of León
Hugh the Great
John II of Castile
Albert I of Germany
James Tyrrell
House of Sforza
Frederick III of Sicily
Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk
Nicolas Anselme Baptiste
Emperor Bidatsu
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
George II of Great Britain
Karel Hynek Mácha
Philip the Bold
Thomas I of Savoy
Wilfrid Wilson Gibson
René of Anjou
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Angelica Kauffmann
List of Navarrese monarchs
Emperor Go-Suzaku
Oscar I of Sweden
John I, Duke of Brabant
Edmund Blunden
Emperor Toba
Quintillus
Amadeus III of Savoy
Mary Disraeli, 1st Viscountess Beaconsfield
Philip II, Duke of Savoy
Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere