Alfred, Maine

related topics
{household, population, female}
{land, century, early}
{build, building, house}
{school, student, university}
{town, population, incorporate}
{group, member, jewish}
{area, community, home}
{church, century, christian}
{county, mile, population}
{water, park, boat}
{woman, child, man}
{album, band, music}
{work, book, publish}
{line, north, south}
{day, year, event}

Alfred is a town in York County, Maine, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 2,497. Alfred is the county seat of York County[1] and home to part of the Massabesic Experimental Forest. The Alfred Historic District includes 48 houses on the National Register of Historic Places.

Alfred is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area.

Contents

History

Abenaki Native Americans called the area Massabesic, meaning "large pond," or "the place of much water." It was in the western portion of a large tract of land purchased from Indian chiefs Fluellin, Hombinowitt and Meeksombe (also known as Captain Sunday), between 1661 and 1664 by Major William Phillips, an owner of mills in Saco (which then included Biddeford). According to historian Jim Brunelle, editor of the Maine Almanac, the price was "two large blankets, two gallons of rum, two pounds of powder, four pounds of musket balls, 20 strings of beads and several other articles." [2]

Simeon Coffin of Newbury, Massachusetts arrived in 1764 and lived for a time in a wigwam, although the first permanent settlement took place in 1770. Known as the north parish of Sanford, the community was set off and incorporated as a district on February 4, 1794. Sawmills and gristmills operated by water power at the streams. A log jail was built in 1803, with a brick jail in 1869. The courthouse was built in 1806, the year Alfred became the shire town of York County. It was incorporated as a town in 1808, named in honor of King Alfred the Great. Land would be set off to Sanford in 1828, and annexed from Waterboro in 1847. [2] The Rochester & Portland Railroad entered from Waterboro in 1864, connecting to Rochester, New Hampshire in 1871. More than 30 trains passed through Alfred daily between 1910 and 1920, but use would decline in the age of automobiles. Passenger service ceased in 1949, with the final train departing in 1961. A severe drought in Maine tindered the Great Fires of 1947, burning 4,500 acres (18 km2) of woodland and two residences in the town.

Full article ▸

related documents
Poland, Maine
Elkridge, Maryland
Coraopolis, Pennsylvania
Hillsborough, North Carolina
Crossville, Alabama
Harmony, Pennsylvania
Hoosick Falls, New York
Tappan, New York
Kittery Point, Maine
Harrison, Maine
New Castle, New Hampshire
Pittman Center, Tennessee
Gueydan, Louisiana
Sullivan's Island, South Carolina
Freedom, Pennsylvania
Arrow Rock, Missouri
Dayton, Maine
Pikeville, North Carolina
Accident, Maryland
Dunmore, Pennsylvania
Fredericktown, Ohio
Gordonsville, Virginia
Glasco, New York
Hebron, New York
Hemingway, South Carolina
Warwick, Massachusetts
Bedford, Pennsylvania
Shapleigh, Maine
Flatonia, Texas
Danville, Pennsylvania