Allegany County, Maryland

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Allegany County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Maryland. It is part of the Cumberland, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the population was 74,930. Its county seat is Cumberland. The name Allegany comes from a local Native American word, oolikhanna, which means "beautiful stream." A number of counties in the Appalachian region of the United States are named Allegany, Allegheny or Alleghany.

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History

The western part of Maryland (including the present Allegany County) was originally part of Prince George's County when Maryland was formed in 1696.[1] This county included six current counties, and by repeated splitting, new ones were generated: Frederick from Prince George's in 1748;[2] and Montgomery and Washington from Frederick in 1776.[3]

Allegany County was formed in 1789 by the splitting of Washington County.[4] At the time it was the westernmost county in Maryland, but a split in 1872 produced Garrett County, the current westernmost county.[2]

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