Alleghany County, Virginia

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Alleghany County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia. It is the northernmost part of the Roanoke Region.[1] As of the 2000 census, the population was 12,926 within its borders at that time. Its county seat is Covington.[2]

Note: The town of Clifton Forge is not included in any Alleghany County population data in the main article. In 2000, Clifton Forge was an independent city separate from the county. However, in 2001, Clifton Forge relinquished its city charter and reincorporated as a town; as a town, it is now a part of Alleghany County. The 2000 population of what is now Alleghany County (including Clifton Forge) was 17,215. The article includes geographic data from before and after the reincorporation of Clifton Forge into the county.



Alleghany County was established on January 5, 1822, from parts of Botetourt, Bath, and Monroe counties. It was named for the Allegheny Mountains, in which it is located. During the Civil War, the iron for the Merrimac came from Longdale Furnace in the county. Regiments from Alleghany County were at the surrender at Appomattox.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county had a total area of 446 square miles (1,160 km2) in 2000. 445 square miles (1,150 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.23%) is water.

After Clifton Forge rejoined the county in 2001, the county's total area increased to 449 square miles (1,160 km2). The land area is now 448 square miles (1,160 km2), and the water area was unchanged. The total area is now 0.22% water.

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