Alliance '90/The Greens

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The Alliance '90/The Greens ( German: Bündnis 90/Die Grünen) is a green political party in Germany which originated from the merger of the German Green Party and Alliance 90 in 1993. Its leaders are Claudia Roth and Cem Özdemir. In the last elections, the party won 10.7% of the votes and 68 out of 622 seats in the Bundestag.



The party is allocated to the centre left of Germany's political spectrum. The Greens especially fight for environmental protection, socioecological sustainability and animal's rights. They support strict no-smoking-rules regarding pubs and restaurants. Furthermore the party supports gender equality and lesbian's and gay's rights. In regards to education The Greens support the idea of non-religious schools. In addition, the party represents pacifistic positions and is opposed to compulsory military service, which still exists in Germany.


1970s: Foundation

In the 1970s, environmentalists and peace activists were politically organized as thousands of action groups. The political party The Greens (German: Die Grünen) was founded to give this movement a parliamentary arm. Opposition to pollution, use of nuclear power, NATO military action, and certain aspects of life in a highly industrialized society were principal campaign issues. The greens originated from civil initiatives, new social movements of the protests of 1968, but also from the conservative spectrum. Important figures in the first years were – among others – Joschka Fischer, Antje Vollmer, Petra Kelly, Undine von Blottnitz [1] and Herbert Gruhl.

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