Alum Rock, California

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Alum Rock is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Clara County, California, United States and a community of San Jose. The CDP, which excludes all annexed areas, had a population of 13,479 at the 2000 census. Alum Rock was named after a rock formerly thought to be composed of alum in nearby Alum Rock Park.[1] Formerly a separate town, much of the community is unincorporated surrounded by incorporated San Jose; neighborhoods between White Road and Capitol Avenue are part of a city/county agreement for annexation.[2] James Lick High School (which is part of the East Side Union High School District), Joseph George Middle School, Ocala Middle School, and other schools in the Alum Rock Union School District serve the neighborhood. Near the center of the community is a small neighborhood commercial strip along Alum Rock Avenue at White Road.

Contents

History

In the 19th century and early 20th century Alum Rock was mostly fruit orchard land. During the 1940s and 1950s, developers began building residential housing and formed the community of Alum Rock. During that time, Alum Rock Avenue and a passenger railroad passed through the town on the way to Alum Rock Park. In the 1980s and 1990s, Alum Rock's neighborhood became increasing older and more populated with Latino immigrants as "white flight" affected the area. Today, Alum Rock remains a unique community separated from the rest of San Jose.

The 5.4 magnitude “Alum Rock earthquake” occurred just northeast of the community on October 30, 2007, the strongest to hit the region since the Loma Prieta Earthquake in 1989.[3] No significant damage or injuries were reported.

Geography

Alum Rock is located at 37°22′3″N 121°49′32″W / 37.3675°N 121.82556°W / 37.3675; -121.82556 (37.367590, -121.825473)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.9 km²), all of it land.

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