Amelia County, Virginia

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Amelia County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 11,400. Its county seat is Amelia Courthouse.[1]



Amelia County was created by a legislative act in 1734 and 1735[2] from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties. The County is named for Princess Amelia of Great Britain, daughter of King George II. Twice Amelia County was reduced in size to form newer counties; in 1754, Prince Edward County was formed from parts of Amelia County, and in 1789, Nottoway County was formed. During the Civil War General Robert E. Lee and his Army spent April 4 and 5, 1865 at Amelia Courthouse before his surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox. The last major battle of the war was fought at Sayler’s Creek on April 6. Amelia is known for its minerals, including the nation's best supply of Amazonite found at the Morefield mine.

The Amelia County Fair was home to the world's largest potato pancake (with apple sauce) which was built to raise money for the German American National Scholarship Fund in 1986. It weighed over two and one quarter tons and used four truck loads of potatoes.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 359 square miles (930 km2), of which 357 square miles (920 km2) is land and 2 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.49%) is water.

Adjacent counties

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