American Revolutionary War

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Iroquois Confederacy

35,000 Continentals
44,500 Militia
55,000+ Sailors[citation needed]
10,000 French (in America)
~60,000 French and Spanish (in Europe)[1]

56,000 British[citation needed]
171,000 Sailors[2]
30,000 Germans[citation needed]
50,000 Loyalists[3]
13,000 Natives[4]

42,000 sailors deserted [2]
7,554 German dead

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) or American War of Independence[6] began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, and concluded in a global war between several European great powers.

The war was the culmination of the political American Revolution, whereby many of the colonists rejected the legitimacy of the Parliament of Great Britain to govern them without representation, claiming that this violated the Rights of Englishmen. The First Continental Congress met in 1774 to coordinate relations with Great Britain and the by-then thirteen self-governing and individual provinces, petitioning George III of Great Britain for intervention with Parliament, organizing a boycott of British goods, while affirming loyalty to the British Crown. Their pleas ignored, and with British soldiers billeted in Boston, Massachusetts, by 1775 the Provincial Congresses formed the Second Continental Congress and authorized a Continental Army. Additional petitions to the king to intervene with Parliament resulted in the following year with Congress being declared traitors and the states to be in rebellion. The Americans responded in 1776 by formally declaring their independence as one new nation — the United States of America — claiming their own sovereignty and rejecting any allegiance to the British monarchy.

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