Amman

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Amman (pronounced /ɑːˈmɑːn/; ʿAmmān) is a metropolis in the centre of Jordan, the capital of the Hashemite Kingdom and the largest city in the country and even the surrounding countries with an official population of over three million inhabitants (2009 estimate),[2] it is the country's political, cultural and commercial centre and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.[3] Amman is the administrative seat of the homonymous governorate.

Amman was named one of the Area's best cities according to economic, labour, environmental, and socio-cultural factors.[4]

Contents

History

During its long history, Amman has been inhabited by several civilizations. The first civilization on record is during the Neolithic period, around 8500 BC, when archaeological discoveries in 'Ain Ghazal, located in eastern Amman, showed evidence of not only a settled life but also the growth of artistic work, which suggests that a well-developed civilization inhabited the city at that time. In the 13th century BC Amman was called Rabbath Ammon or Rabat Amon by the Ammonites. In the Hebrew Bible, it is referred to as Rabbat ʿAmmon (Tiberian Hebrew Rabbaṯ ʿAmmôn). It was later conquered by the Assyrians, followed by the Persians, and then the Greeks. Ptolemy II Philadelphus, the Hellenic ruler of Egypt, renamed it Philadelphia. The city became part of the Nabataean kingdom until 106 AD when Philadelphia came under Roman control and joined the Decapolis.

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