Ancient history

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Ancient Near East

Ancient Africa

Classical Antiquity

East Asia

South Asia

Pre-Columbian Americas

Ancient history is the study of the written past[1] from the beginning of recorded human history in the Old World to the Early Middle Ages[2] in Europe.

The span of recorded history is roughly 5,000 years, with Cuneiform script, the oldest discovered form of coherent writing, from the protoliterate period around the 30th century BC.[3] This is the beginning of history, as opposed to prehistory, according to the definition used by most historians.[4]

The term classical antiquity is often used to refer to ancient history since the beginning of recorded Greek history in 776 BC (First Olympiad). This roughly coincides with the traditional date of the founding of Rome in 753 BC, the beginning of the history of ancient Rome, and the beginning of the Archaic period in Ancient Greece. Although the ending date of ancient history is disputed, Western scholars use the fall of the Western Roman Empire in AD 476,[5][6] the death of the emperor Justinian I,[7] the coming of Islam[8] or the rise of Charlemagne[9] as the end of ancient and Classical European history.

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