Andalusia, Alabama

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Andalusia is a city in and the county seat of Covington County, Alabama, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 8,794.[2] According to the 2007 U.S. Census estimates, the city had a population of 8,705.[1] It is also the home of the World Championship Domino Tournament.[3]



Andalusia was first settled in 1841 after flooding of the Conecuh River and the surrounding lowlands forced citizens to move to higher ground. The county seat was moved from Montezuma to Andalusia in 1844. The new town was originally called "New Site" but was known as Andalusia by the time a post office was established in 1846.[4] Andalusia was incorporated as a town in 1901.[5]


Andalusia is located at 31°18′29″N 86°28′57″W / 31.30806°N 86.4825°W / 31.30806; -86.4825 (31.308045, -86.482401)[6]. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.0 square miles (49 km2) of which 18.9 square miles (49 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.47%) is water.[7] Andalusia is served by the Andalusia-Opp Airport, located approximately five miles east of the central business district.


As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 8,794 people, 3,707 households, and 2,376 families residing in the city.[2] The population density was 465.9 inhabitants per square mile (179.9 /km2). There were 4,279 housing units at an average density of 226.7 per square mile (87.5 /km2).[7] The racial makeup of the city was 73.93% White, 24.47% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[2]

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