Anderson County, Tennessee

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Anderson County is a U.S. county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. Its population was 71,330 at the United States Census, 2000. The 2005 Census Estimate placed the population at 72,430 [1]. Its county seat is Clinton[1].

It is included in the Knoxville, Tennessee, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 345 square miles (893.5 km2), of which 338 square miles (875.4 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18.1 km2) (2.12%) is water.

Adjacent counties

History

Before the formation of Anderson County, Tennessee, that territory was initially land of what is today called the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, which had been settled by several pioneer families including the Wallace, Gibbs, Freels, Frost and Tunnell families. Although the Treaty of Holston, signed in 1791, was intended as a negotiation with the Cherokee to prohibit settlement of the area including what is today Anderson County, the treaty became ineffective as more settlers moved through the Appalachian Mountains from Virginia and North Carolina into Tennessee. The flooding of white settlers into the Indian domain was cause for several skirmishes, which eased after the Treaty of Tellico in 1798 (with an origination point for relinquished land from the Cherokee being the Tellico Blockhouse) allowed for greater ease in settling the area.[2]

Anderson County was partitioned from a portion of Grainger County, Tennessee as well as a portion of Knox County, Tennessee, in 1801; neighboring Roane County, Tennessee, was also formed from a portion of Knox County, Tennessee, in 1801, making Anderson and Roane counties effectively called 'sister counties'.[3] Anderson County was named in honor of Joseph Anderson (1757-1847), who was at that time U.S. senator from Tennessee, and whose career also included judge of the Superior Court of the Territory South of the River Ohio and Comptroller of the U.S. Treasury.

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