Andover, Maine

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Andover is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. The population was 864 at the 2000 census. Set among mountains and crossed by the Appalachian Trail, Andover is home to the Andover Earth Station and Lovejoy Covered Bridge.

Contents

History

Originally called East Andover Plantation, it was first settled in 1789 by Ezekiel Merrill from Andover, Massachusetts. It was purchased from Massachusetts by Samuel Johnson and others from Andover in 1791, the year Colonel Thomas Poor built the first mills at the falls. [1] The town was incorporated on June 23, 1804 as East Andover, renamed Andover in 1820 when Maine separated from Massachusetts.[2]

Early occupations included agriculture and lumbering. As the town developed, factories made doors, sash, blinds, starch, cheese, boots and shoes, edge-tools, carriages and harness. It also had a tannery. Located on an intervale surrounded by mountains, Andover was noted for "its grand and beautiful scenery," with streams abounding in trout. After the Civil War, the town became a popular destination for sportsmen, especially fishermen attracted by the nearby Richardson Lakes. A hotel was built to accommodate the influx of tourists. [3]

In 1960, Andover was selected to be site of the Andover Earth Station, completed in 1962. It was the location of the first live transatlantic television signal broadcast by satellite Telstar 1.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.5 square miles (148.8 km²), of which, 57.4 square miles (148.7 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.07%) is water. Crossed by the Appalachian Trail, Andover is drained by the Ellis River, a tributary of the Androscoggin River.

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