Andover, New Hampshire

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Andover is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,109 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 2,223.[1] Andover includes the villages of Cilleyville, Potter Place, and East Andover. The town is home to Ragged Mountain State Forest and Proctor Academy, a private coeducational preparatory school.



Settled in 1761, the town was originally named "New Breton," having been granted primarily to soldiers who had taken part in the 1745 capture of Cape Breton during hostilities with the French in Canada. Among those soldiers was their regimental surgeon, Dr. Anthony Emery, a friend of Samuel Phillips, Jr., who in 1778 founded the Phillips Andover Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. "New Breton" would be incorporated as "Andover" in 1779, the year Phillips Andover was completed.

In 1822, an academy was established in Andover, although it would close in 1828. Another school was founded in 1848 that would become Proctor Academy, the prestigious institution around which the town's economy is based. Andover is noted for its antique shops, Greek Revival architecture, and two covered bridges. Potter Place Railroad Station, built in 1874 by the Northern Railroad, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and today serves as a museum for the Andover Historical Society.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.3 square miles (107 km2), of which 40.5 sq mi (105 km2) is land and 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2) is water, comprising 2.11% of the town. Andover is drained by the Blackwater River. Bradley Lake is in the south. Ragged Mountain, elevation 2,286 feet (697 m) above sea level, is on the northern boundary. The northern slopes of Mount Kearsarge occupy the southernmost part of town and contain the town's highest point, 2,460 ft (750 m) above sea level. Andover lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.[2]

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