Andrzej Żuławski (Polish pronunciation: [ˈandʐɛj ʐuˈwafskʲi]; born 22 November 1940) is a Polish film director. He was born in Lwów, Poland (now Lviv, Ukraine).
Żuławski was an assistant of Andrzej Wajda. When his second film Diabeł was banned in Poland he decided to move to France, where he made L'Important c'est d'aimer (1975) with Romy Schneider.
After returning to Poland he worked for two years on a film which the authorities did not allow him to finish (On the Silver Globe), based on a book by his great-uncle Jerzy Żuławski. Since then he has lived and worked mostly in France, making art films.
Being a maverick who always defied mainstream commercialism, Żuławski enjoyed success mostly with the European art-house audiences. His wild, imaginative, and controversial pictures have received 16 awards at various international film festivals. He also wrote the novels Il était Un Verger, Lity Bór (a.k.a: La Forêt Forteresse), W Oczach Tygrysa, and Ogród Milosci.
He was in a relationship for fifteen years with the French actress Sophie Marceau with whom he made four films over a 15 year period (L'Amour braque, Mes nuits sont plus belles que vos jours, La Note bleue, La Fidelite). They broke up in 2001.
Andrzej Żuławski had always wanted to film his granduncle's masterwork and saw the offer as a unique opportunity to achieve that aim. An auteur, whom a number of critics have described as a self-destructive genius, he devoted over two years to the task of adapting the first two volumes to the screen (he judged The Old Earth which, except for the first chapter, takes place entirely on our own planet, to be outside the scope of this already-overlong undertaking). Between 1975 and 1977, he wrote the screenplay and lensed the film on various locations around Poland, as well as Crimea, the Caucasus Mountains and even the Gobi Desert.
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