Anne Neville (11 June 1456 – 16 March 1485) was Princess of Wales as spouse of Edward of Westminster and Queen of England as spouse of King Richard III. She was queen consort for less than two years, from 26 June 1483 until her death in March 1485. She had just one son, Edward, who predeceased her.
Anne was a member of the powerful, northern English Neville family being the younger daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, called in history, "The Kingmaker". As a result of this, she was used as a political pawn during the series of dynastic civil wars known as the Wars of the Roses.
Anne was born on 11 June 1456, at Warwick Castle, the younger daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick and Anne de Beauchamp. Throughout her life, she would be used as a political pawn. Much of her childhood was spent at Middleham Castle, one of her father's properties, where she and her elder sister, Isabella Neville, came into contact with the younger sons of Richard, Duke of York. These boys would play a major role in the destiny of both sisters.
Princess of Wales
At fourteen, Anne was betrothed by her father to Edward, Prince of Wales, heir to Henry VI of England. Anne's father, dissatisfied with the rewards he had received for helping King Edward IV of England gain the throne, compared with the favours lavished on the Woodvilles, changed sides and allied himself with Margaret of Anjou, Queen consort of Henry VI. Margaret harboured suspicions about Warwick's motives, particularly since Anne's sister, Isabel, was married to the reigning king's brother, George, Duke of Clarence.
As part of the formal agreement, Anne was formally betrothed to the seventeen-year-old Edward at the Chateau d'Amboise in France, and married in Angers Cathedral probably on 13 December 1470.
Full article ▸