Anne of Austria

related topics
{son, year, death}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{church, century, christian}
{government, party, election}
{woman, child, man}

Anne of Austria (22 September 1601 – 20 January 1666) was Queen consort of France and Navarre and regent for her son, Louis XIV of France. During her regency (1643–1651) Cardinal Mazarin served as France's chief minister.


Early life

Born at Benavente Palace in Valladolid, Spain, and baptised Ana María Mauricia, she was the daughter of Habsburg parents, Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. She held the titles of Infanta of Spain and of Portugal and Archduchess of Austria.

Life in France


Anne was betrothed at age 11 to Louis XIII. Her father, Philip, gave her a dowry of 500,000 crowns and many beautiful jewels.[1] For fear that Louis XIII would die early, they said that if this was the case, she would return to Spain with her dowry, jewels, and wardrobe.[1] The pecuniary arrangements being thus satisfied, Anne was saluted as the Queen of France, "a dignity which her Highness accepts with marvellous dignity and gravity".[1] On 24 November 1615, they were married by proxy in Burgos while Louis's sister, Elizabeth, and Anne's brother, Philip IV of Spain, were married by proxy in Bordeaux. These marriages followed the tradition of cementing military and political alliances between France and Spain that began with the marriage of Philip II of Spain to Elisabeth of Valois in 1559 as part of the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis. Anne and Elisabeth were both exchanged on the Isle of Pheasants, between Hendaye and Fuenterrabía.

Full article ▸

related documents
Emperor Heizei
Hortense de Beauharnais
Edgar of Scotland
House of Valois
Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte
Feodor III of Russia
Alexander I of Scotland
Isabella d'Este
Frederick Augustus II of Saxony
Justin I
Edmund de la Pole, 3rd Duke of Suffolk
William I of Scotland
Ladies of Llangollen
Charles IV of France
Pepin of Herstal
List of Spanish monarchs
George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys
Eustace II of Boulogne
Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick
Princess Christina of the Netherlands
Leopold I of Belgium
Tsuguharu Foujita
Amalric II of Jerusalem
Napoleon II of France
Roger Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk
Emperor Kenzō
Ugo Foscolo