related topics
{war, force, army}
{son, year, death}

Antalcidas (Greek: Ἀνταλκίδας) was a Spartan soldier and diplomat, the son of Leon.

In 393 (or 392) BC he was sent to Tiribazus, Persian satrap of Sardis, to undermine the friendly relations then existing between Athens and Persia, offering to recognize Persian claims to the whole of Asia Minor and supremacy over Greek cities there.

The Athenians sent an embassy under Conon to counteract his efforts. Tiribazus, who was favourable to Sparta, threw Conon into prison, but Artaxerxes II (Mnemon) disapproved and recalled his satrap.

In 388 BC Antalcidas, then commander of the navy went to the active assistance of Persia against Athens. The success of his naval operations in the neighbourhood of the Hellespont was such that Athens was glad to accept terms of peace (the Peace of Antalcidas), by which:

The terms were announced to the Greek envoys at Sardis in the winter of 387/386 BC, and were finally accepted by Sparta in 386. Antalcidas continued in favour with Artaxerxes, until the annihilation of Spartan supremacy after the Battle of Leuctra diminished his influence.

A final mission to Persia, probably in 367, was a failure, and Antalcidas, deeply chagrined and fearful of the consequences, is said to have starved himself to death.


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 edition of The New Century Book of Facts published by the King-Richardson Company, Springfield, Massachusetts.

Full article ▸

related documents
Trần Văn Trà
Treaty of Nissa
Pax Romana
Sir William Williams, 1st Baronet, of Kars
Antigonus I Monophthalmus
Yazdegerd II
Convention of Kanagawa
Artaxerxes II of Persia
2nd century BC
Treaty of Lunéville
Timeline of Afghanistan (November 2001)
Dutch government in exile
Martín Perfecto de Cos
Fort Dearborn massacre
Front line
Ali Hassan Salameh
King George's War
Battle of Nördlingen (1645)
3rd century
Military of Tajikistan
Gallic Empire