Anthem of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic

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The State Anthem of the Estonian SSR (Estonian: Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistliku Vabariigi hümn) was the anthem of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, a republic of the Soviet Union. It was official between 1945 and 1991.

During the decades of the Soviet occupation of Estonia, the original Estonian anthem was strictly forbidden. Throughout the years of prohibition, Lydia Koidula’s poem, Mu isamaa on minu arm, with a melody by Gustav Ernesaks served as means of expressing national feelings, and was regarded as an unofficial anthem of Estonia. With the restoration of Estonian independence in 1991 however, the national anthem from 1920 by Fredrik Pacius with lyrics by Johann Voldemar Jannsen has been restored.

Contents

Background

The music of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic's anthem was composed by Gustav Ernesaks, and the lyrics were written by Johannes Semper. It and the Karelo-Finnish SSR anthem were the only ones not to mention the Russian people. On 21 July 1956, the third stanza of the lyrics was changed to remove mentions of Joseph Stalin. This is the version presented here.

Estonian lyrics

English translation

Russian lyrics

External links

Armenian SSR · Azerbaijan SSR · Byelorussian SSR · Estonian SSR · Georgian SSR · Kazakh SSR · Kirghiz SSR · Latvian SSR · Lithuanian SSR · Moldavian SSR · Russian SFSR · Tajik SSR · Turkmen SSR · Ukrainian SSR · Uzbek SSR

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