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Anthemius of Tralles (c. 474 – before 558) (Greek Ἀνθέμιος από τις Τράλλεις) was a Greek professor of Geometry in Constantinople (presentday Istanbul in Turkey) and architect, who collaborated with Isidore of Miletus to build the church of Hagia Sophia by the order of Justinian I. Anthemius came from an educated family, one of five sons of Stephanus of Tralles, a physician. Of his brothers, Dioscorus followed his father's profession in Tralles; Alexander became at Rome one of the most celebrated medical men of his time; Olympius was deeply versed in Roman jurisprudence; and Metrodorus was a distinguished grammarian in Constantinople.
As an architect he is best known for replacing the old church of Hagia Sophia at Constantinople in 532; his daring plans for the church strikingly displayed at once his knowledge and his ignorance. His skills seem also to have extended to engineering for he repaired the flood defences at Daras.
Anthemius was also a capable mathematician. He described the string construction of the ellipse^{[1]} and he wrote a book on conic sections, which was excellent preparation for designing the elaborate vaulting of Hagia Sophia. He compiled a survey of mirror configurations in his work on remarkable mechanical devices which was known to Arab mathematicians such as Ibn alHaytham.
A fragment of his treatise On burningglasses was published as Περί παραδόξων μηχανημάτων ("Concerning wondrous machines") by L. Dupuy in 1777, and also appeared in 1786 in the fortysecond volume of the Histoire de l'Academie des Instrumentistes. A. Westermann gave a revised edition of it in his Παραδοξογράφοι (Scriptores rerum mirabilium Graeci, "Greek marvelwriters") in 1839. In the course of the constructions for surfaces to reflect to one and the same point
Anthemius assumes a property of an ellipse not found in Apollonius work, that the equality of the angles subtended at a focus by two tangents drawn from a point, and having given the focus and a double ordinate he goes on to use the focus and directrix to obtain any number of points on a parabola—the first instance on record of the practical use of the directrix.
References
 Procopius, De Aedific. i. 1
 Agathias, Hist. v. 6–9
 Gibbon's Decline and Fall, cap. xl.
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). "Arthemius". Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press. http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Anthemius.
 Huxley, G.L. (1970). "Anthemius of Tralles". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 169–170. ISBN 0684101149.
 T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics(2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921)
 G L Huxley, Anthemius of Tralles (Cambridge, Mass., 1959).
 Boyer, Carl B. (1991). A History of Mathematics (Second ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. ISBN 0471543977.
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