Antoni Gaudí

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Antoni Plàcid Guillem Gaudí i Cornet (Catalan pronunciation: [ənˈtɔni ɡəwˈði]; 25 June 1852 – 10 June 1926) was a Spanish Catalan[3] architect who worked during the Modernisme (Art Nouveau) period but became famous for his unique and highly individualistic designs regarded as beyond the scope of Modernisme.[4] He is sometimes referred to, in English, by the Spanish translation of his name, Antonio Gaudí.[5][6][7]




Antoni Gaudí was born in the province of Tarragona in southern Catalonia, Spain on 25 June 1852. While there is some dispute as to his birthplace – official documents state that he was born in the town of Reus, whereas others claim he was born in Riudoms, a small village 3 miles (5 km) from Reus,[2] – it is certain that he was baptized in Reus a day after his birth. The artist's parents, Francesc Gaudí Serra and Antònia Cornet Bertran, both came from families of coppersmiths.

During his youth, Gaudí suffered many times from the rheumatic fevers that were common at the time. This illness caused him to spend much time in isolation, and it also allowed him to spend lots of time alone with nature.[8]

It was this exposure to nature at an early age which is thought to have inspired him to incorporate natural shapes and themes into his later work.[9]

Early career

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