Arabian Peninsula

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{country, population, people}
{area, part, region}
{land, century, early}
{god, call, give}
{war, force, army}
{language, word, form}
{line, north, south}
{company, market, business}
{acid, form, water}
{mi², represent, 1st}

The Arabian Peninsula (Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية šibh al-jazīrat al-ʻarabīya or جزيرة العرب jazīrat al-ʻArab‎), Arabia, Arabistan,[1] and the Arabian subcontinent[2] is a peninsula in Southwest Asia. The area is an important part of the Middle East and plays a critical geopolitical role because of its vast reserves of oil and natural gas.



The seas off the coast of the Arabian Peninsula are (clockwise): on the west the Red Sea and (angled northeast from it on the west) the Gulf of Aqaba; north of the Gulf of Aqaba along the faultline of the Red Sea Rift and the Dead Sea Transform (on the west northwest) the Mediterranean Sea; (crossing eastward over the Syrian Desert) on the northeast the Persian Gulf and (south of it on the east) the Strait of Hormuz and (south of it on the east) the Gulf of Oman; on the south (southeast) the Arabian Sea (part of the Indian Ocean) and (west of the Arabian Sea on the south) the Gulf of Aden (between the Arabian Peninsula and the Horn of Africa); and on the southwest corner of the peninsula (north of the Gulf of Aden) the Bab-el-Mandeb strait, opening from the Gulf of Aden north again to the Red Sea.

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