Arabian Sea

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The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب‎ (Baḥr al-'Arab); Tulu: ಅರಬ್ಬೀ ಸಮುದ್ರ (Arabi samudra); Marathi: अरबी समुद्र (Arabi samudra); Malayalam: അറബിക്കടല്‍ (Aṟabikkadal); Persian: دریای پارس (Darya-ye ʿpars, "Sea of pars")) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui in the northeastern Somalia and Kanyakumari in India. Some of the ancient names of this body of water include Sindhu Sagar (Sea of Sindh) and Erythraean Sea.

Contents

Description

The Arabian Sea's surface area is about 3,862,000 km2 (1,491,130 sq mi).[1] The maximum width of the Arabian Sea is approximately 2,400 km (1,490 mi), and its maximum depth is 4,652 metres (15,262 ft), in the Arabian Basin approximately at the same latitude as the southernmost tip of India. The largest river flowing into the Arabian Sea is the Indus River; others include the Netravathi, Sharavathi, Narmada, Tapti, Mahi, and the numerous rivers of Kerala. The Arabian Sea coast of central India is known as the Konkan Coast, and that of southern India is known as the Malabar Coast.

The Arabian Sea has two important branches — the Gulf of Aden in the southwest, connecting with the Red Sea through the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb; and the Gulf of Oman to the northwest, connecting with the Persian Gulf. There are also the gulfs of Cambay and Kutch on the Indian coast. The largest islands in the Arabian Sea are Socotra (off the Horn of Africa) and Masirah (off the Omani coast) as well as the Lakshadweep archipelago off the Indian coast.

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