Arctic Village, Alaska

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Arctic Village is an unincorporated Native American village[1] and a census-designated place (CDP) in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States. As of the 2000 census, the population of the CDP was 152. The village is located in the large Gwitch'in speaking region of Alaska, and the local dialect is known as Di'haii Gwitch'in or Kutchin.[citation needed] As of 1999, over 95% of the community speaks and understands the language. (Kraus, 1999)[broken citation]

Contents

Geography

Arctic Village is located at 68°7′19″N 145°31′40″W / 68.12194°N 145.52778°W / 68.12194; -145.52778 (68.121828, -145.527686)[2], on the east fork of the Chandalar River, about a hundred miles north of Fort Yukon.[3] The area consists of flat floodlands near the river, but is mostly wooded hills.[3]

Both the CDP and the "village" have the same total area, 69.9 square miles (180.9 km²), of which, 61.71 square miles (159.8 km²) is land and 8.12 square miles (21.0 km²) (11.63%) is water.[3][4]

History

Evidence from archaeological investigations indicate that the Arctic Village area may have been settled as early as 4500 BC.[3] Around 500 AD the Athabascan speaking Gwich’in people (often called Neets'aii Gwich'in or “those who dwell to the north”)[3] came into the area with seasonal hunting and fishing camps. About 1900, the village became a permanent settlement.[3]

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