Ardencroft, Delaware

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Ardencroft is a village in New Castle County, Delaware, United States. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the village is 274.[1]

Ardencroft was founded in 1950 as an outgrowth of Arden and Ardentown with a conceptual lifestyle based on Henry George's Single tax movement and William Morris’s Arts and Crafts principles. Ardencroft was the last of seventeen land trusts founded between 1894 and 1950, Ardencroft's tax structure is based on the Single Tax economic philosophy of Henry George. As a result, a person's house is not taxed, only the land it sits on, which is owned in by a charitable trust and managed by three directors. Half the land is woods and open space. Foot paths criss-cross the village. At its founding in 1950, Ardencroft formally encouraged minorities to settle there, actively seeking out families that wanted to live in an integrated setting. The nearby, former Arden School (now the Buzz Ware Village Center)also allowed integration around this time, prior to many of the changes enacted by the Civil Rights movement.

Civil rights and suffragist activist, prolific writer, pilot, librarian, lecturer, and educator Pauline A. Young (1900 to 1991) moved into Ardencroft around this time. The outspoken Ms. Young was famous for having joined the NAACP in 1912 at the age of 12, lectured and worked conferences with W.E.B. deBois in the 1930s, and in 1965 marched with Martin Luther King in Alabama.


Ardencroft is located at 39°48′21″N 75°29′15″W / 39.80583°N 75.4875°W / 39.80583; -75.4875 (39.805962, -75.487616)[2].

As reported by the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 267 people, 112 households, and 74 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,411.4 people per square mile (937.2/km²). There were 115 housing units at an average density of 1,038.6/sq mi (403.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 80.52% White, 12.36% African American, 5.99% Asian, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the population.

There were 112 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the village the population was spread out with 19.1% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 36.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

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