Ares

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Ares (Ancient Greek: Ἄρης [árɛːs], Μodern Greek: Άρης [ˈaris]) is the Greek god of war. "Ares is apparently an ancient abstract noun meaning throng of battle, war."[1] He is one of the Twelve Olympians, and the son of Zeus and Hera.[2] As the Olympian god of warfare, righteous indignation,[citation needed] and courage; lover of Aphrodite and "Leader of Righteous Men," Ares presides over male passion, the weapons and preparations for war, the defense and protection of cities, rebellion and civil order, policing of banditry, masculinity, integrity,[citation needed] and personal courage.

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Etymology

The etymology of his name is traditionally connected with the Greek word ἀρή (are), the Ionic form of the Doric ἀρά (ara), "bane, ruin, curse, imprecation".[3] There may also be a connection with the Roman god of war Mars, via hypothetical Proto-Indo-European *M̥rēs; compare Ancient Greek μάρναμαι (marnamai), "to fight, to battle", or Hindi and Punjabi maarna (to kill, to hit).[4] The earliest attested form of the name is the Mycenaean Greek a-re, written in Linear b syllabic script.[5]

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