Arlington, Illinois

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Arlington is a village in Bureau County, Illinois, United States. The population was 211 at the 2000 census[1]. It is part of the OttawaStreator Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

In the early 1900s, Arlington, which was then called 'Lost Grove', was experiencing rapid growth and development. Many companies set up shop to profit from the people flocking to the jobs at the coal mines in this area of Illinois. The businesses included a mattress factory, beer brewery, numerous restaurants, a brothel, and many others. The mayor at the time was from New York, and changed the town's name to Arlington, after the town of Arlington, NY. Arlington was about the size of Peru, Illinois.

On November 13, 1909, a fire in a mine shaft killed 259 miners, young and old, at the Cherry coal mine.[2] Authorities sealed the mine to contain the fire, trapping many rescue workers inside. When the mine was opened a week later only twenty men had survived of the hundreds involved. The 1909 Cherry Mine disaster influenced early worker's compensation laws and labor practices in the coal mining industry. At the time Illinois had no laws governing working conditions for miners. Arlington's growth slowed drastically after this occurrence.

In the 1950s a tornado destroyed most of Arlington. Many people moved away from the town at this time. Today Arlington has a population of about 250. Many of the businesses and most of the homes have been shut down, deserted, or demolished. Many areas previously inhabited are now corn and bean fields. Some of the abandoned homes' foundations, and evidence of their former occupants, are still visible in these fields.

Geography

Arlington is located at 41°28′20″N 89°14′49″W / 41.47222°N 89.24694°W / 41.47222; -89.24694 (41.472353, -89.246989)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 211 people, 78 households, and 51 families residing in the village. The population density was 493.4 people per square mile (189.5/km²). There were 88 housing units at an average density of 205.8/sq mi (79.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 92.42% White, 0.95% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 5.69% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.16% of the population.

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