Armed forces

related topics
{war, force, army}
{service, military, aircraft}
{rate, high, increase}
{theory, work, human}
{law, state, case}
{country, population, people}
{company, market, business}
{group, member, jewish}
{language, word, form}

Ramses II at Kadesh.jpgGustavus Adolphus at the Battle at Breitenfeld.jpgM1A1 abrams front.jpg Military history

The armed forces of a country are its government-sponsored defense, fighting forces, and organizations. They exist to further the foreign and domestic policies of their governing body, and to defend that body and the nation it represents from external aggressors. In some countries paramilitary forces are included in a nation's armed forces. Armed force is the use of armed forces to achieve political objectives.

The study of the use of armed forces is called military science. Broadly speaking, this involves considering offense and defense at three "levels": strategy, operational art, and tactics. All three levels study the application of the use of force in order to achieve a desired objective.

Organization

In most countries the armed forces are divided into three or four Armed Services: an army, a navy, an air force, and often a gendarmerie or a paramilitary police force. Gendarmeries (including equivalents such as Internal Troops, Paramilitary Forces, etc.) are common in most of the world but are uncommon in Anglo-Saxon countries. A number of countries have no navy, for geographical reasons.

Many countries have a variation on the standard model of three or four basic Armed Services. Variations include China (army, navy, air force, strategic missile force), South Africa (army, navy, air force, military health service), India (army, navy, air force, coast guard), Egypt (army, navy, air force, air defense) or the Netherlands (army, navy, air force, military police). The United States has five (army, navy, air force, marines, coast guard), like Italy (army, navy, air force, military police and financial police). In Germany, the defense part of the Bundeswehr consists of the Army (Heer), Navy (Marine), Air Force (Luftwaffe), Joint Support Service (Streitkräftebasis), and Central Medical Services (Zentraler Sanitätsdienst).

In larger armed forces the culture between the different Armed Services of a country's armed forces can be quite different.

Full article ▸

related documents
Rough Riders
Oberkommando des Heeres
King's Royal Rifle Corps
Batman (military)
Military of Sri Lanka
Pedro del Valle
British Army
Abner Doubleday
Organizers of the September 11 attacks
Volkssturm
2002 Mombasa attacks
Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic
The Cardinal of the Kremlin
Normandie-Niemen
Carabinieri
Juno Beach
MI8
Armed Forces of the Philippines
Mathias Rust
Crix Madine
Violette Szabo
Armed Forces of Liberia
Military tactics
Anthony Wayne
Qusay Hussein
Kosovo Liberation Army
Mohamed Farrah Aidid
GSG 9
Military of Sierra Leone
Moshe Dayan