Askham Bryan

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Coordinates: 53°55′N 1°10′W / 53.92°N 1.16°W / 53.92; -01.16

Askham Bryan is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of City of York in the north of England, 6 miles south west of York, west of Bishopthorpe, and close to Askham Richard and Copmanthorpe. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 582. Prior to 1996 it formed part of the district of Selby.

Askham Bryan is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The name comes from Ascam or Ascha meaning "enclosure of ash-tree". "Bryan" is Bryan FitzAlan. He and his heirs held the manor from the 12th century.[1][2]

In the village is Askham Hall and nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture. The village became a Conservation Area in 1980.

Contents

History

The name of the village is derived partly from Bryan FitzAlan, who was granted the lands by the warden of Richmond Castle. Other notable local families to have been titled Lord of the Manor for the village include the Mowbray's, Stapleton's, and Grey's. The village has sometimes been called East or Great Askham.[3][4] Harry Croft Esq. was one of the last to be recorded as being Lord of the Manor of Askham Bryan in 1890.

The villages of Askham Bryan and close-by Askham Richard were once just one manor around the time of Edward the Confessor and belonged to Edwin, Earl of Mercia. When Edwin's lands were confiscated by the William the Conqueror, the village was granted to Roger de Mowbray who then passed the Manor to his friend, William de Tykhill, a former Warden of Foss Bridge.[5] It eventually came into the hands of Bryan Fitzalan. During the times of Edward III, the Manor passed from the Grey family via marriage to Sir John Deincourt. The last known hereditary Lord of the Manor of Askham Bryan was Sir John Devede in the reign of Richard III.[6][7]

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