Atwater, California

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Atwater is a city located along U.S. Route 99 in Merced County, California, United States. Atwater is located 8 miles (13 km) west-northwest of Merced,[2] at an elevation of 151 feet (46 m).[1] The population as of August 19, 2006 is 27,972[1].



According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.4 square miles (14.0 km²). 5.4 square miles (14.0 km²) of it is land and 0.18% water.

The city includes Castle Air Museum, but does not include Castle Air Force Base proper.


The railroad reached Atwater in the 1870s, and a town grew up.[2] The first post office opened in 1880.[2] Atwater incorporated in 1922.[2] The name honors Marshall D. Atwater, a wheat farmer whose land was used by the railroad for its station.[2]


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 23,113 people, 7,247 households, and 5,667 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,277.4 people per square mile (1,652.6/km²). There were 8,114 housing units at an average density of 1,501.6/sq mi (580.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 57.34% White, 4.99% Black or African American, 1.27% Native American, 5.43% Asian, 0.36% Pacific Islander, 24.48% from other races, and 6.14% from two or more races. 41.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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