Audience wave

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The wave (North American) or the Mexican wave (British) is an example of metachronal rhythm achieved in a packed stadium when successive groups of spectators briefly stand and raise their arms. Each spectator is required to rise at the same time as those straight in front and behind, and slightly after the person immediately to either the right (for a clockwise wave) or the left (for a counterclockwise wave). Immediately upon stretching to full height, the spectator returns to the usual seated position.

The result is a "wave" of standing spectators that travels through the crowd, even though individual spectators never move away from their seats. In many large arenas the crowd is seated in a contiguous circuit all the way around the sport field, and so the wave is able to travel continuously around the arena; in discontiguous seating arrangements, the wave can instead reflect back and forth through the crowd. When the gap in seating is narrow, the wave can sometimes pass through it. Usually only one wave crest will be present at any given time in an arena. Simultaneous, counter-rotating waves have been produced.[1]



Santander, Spain

The origin of the wave can be traced back to Santander, Spain where Moises Garcia invented the cheer[citation needed] at the bullfighting arena Plaza de Toros de Santander in the 1930s. Due to him working in a leather company he was relocated to Havana, Cuba where he was closer to the United States. Because baseball was very prominent in Havana, Cuba it is believed that the wave was also introduced to baseball through Moises.

Monterrey, Mexico

There are claims[citation needed] that the wave was created in the early 1950s, in Monterrey, Mexico, during a football match between Tigres UANL and C.F. Monterrey Rayados. During the half time, the players were taking longer than expected to return to the field, the crowd grew anxious, and the organizers were trying to entertain the crowd and throwing match balls as presents. People were getting more and more creative with their cheer, and thus created "la ola" (the wind wave), which after a few attempts made its way all the way around the stadium.

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