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AutoLISP is a dialect of Lisp programming language built specifically for use with the full version of AutoCAD and its derivatives, which include AutoCAD Map 3D, AutoCAD Architecture and AutoCAD Mechanical. Neither the application programming interface nor the interpreter to execute AutoLISP code are included in the AutoCAD LT product line.


AutoLISP is a small, dynamically scoped, dynamically typed LISP dialect with garbage collection, immutable list structure and settable symbols, lacking in such regular LISP features as macro system, records definition facilities, arrays, functions with variable number of arguments or let bindings. Aside from the core language, most of the primitive functions are for geometry, accessing AutoCAD's internal DWG database, or manipulation of graphical entities in AutoCAD. The properties of these graphical entities are revealed to AutoLISP as association lists in which values are paired with AutoCAD "group codes" that indicate properties such as definitional points, radii, colors, layers, linetypes, etc. AutoCAD loads AutoLISP code from .LSP files.

AutoLISP code can interact with the user through Autocad's graphical editor by use of primitive functions that allow user to pick points, choose objects on screen, input numbers and other data. AutoLisp also has a built-in GUI mini-language, the Dialog Control Language, for creating modal dialog boxes with automated layout, within AutoCAD.

; An Autolisp function definition, 
;  callable from other AutoLISP functions:
(defun hello_world ()
  (alert "Hello World!")
; A function which can also be invoked 
;  at command-line as a regular AutoCAD command:
(defun c:hello_world ()
  (alert "Hello World!")
; Example of AutoLISP's conditional:
(cond (  (= a b)
         (princ "\n(a) and (b) are equal"))
      (  (and (= (type a) 'INT)
              (= (type b) 'INT))
         (princ (strcat "\n(a)+(b)=" (itoa (+ a b)))))
      (  (and (= (type a) 'STR)
              (= (type b) 'STR))
         (princ (strcat "\n(a)+(b)=" a b)))
      (  (and (listp a) (= (type b) 'SUBR))
         (mapcar (function (lambda (x) (princ (b x)))) a)))
; An Example of Recursion in AutoLISP:
(defun factorial ( n )
  (cond (  (< 0 n)
           (* (factorial (1- n)) n))
        ( 1 )

[edit] History

AutoLISP was derived from a very early version of XLISP, which was created by David Betz. The language was introduced in AutoCAD Version 2.18 in January 1986, and continued to be enhanced in successive releases up to Release 13 in February 1995. After that, its development was neglected by Autodesk in favor of more fashionable development environments like VBA, .NET and ObjectARX. However, it has remained AutoCAD's primary user customization language.

Vital-LISP, a considerably enhanced version of AutoLISP including an IDE, debugger and compiler, and ActiveX support, was developed and sold by third party developer Basis Software. Vital LISP was a superset of the existing AutoLISP language that added VBA-like access to the AutoCAD object model, reactors (event handling for AutoCAD objects), general ActiveX support, and some other general Lisp functions. Autodesk purchased this, renamed it Visual LISP, and briefly sold it as an add-on to AutoCAD 14 released in May 1997. It was incorporated into AutoCAD 2000 released in March 1999, as a replacement for AutoLISP. Since then Autodesk has chosen to halt major enhancements to Visual LISP in favor of focusing more effort on VBA and .NET and C++.

AutoLISP has such a strong following that other CAD application vendors add it to their own products. FelixCAD, Bricscad, IntelliCAD and others have AutoLISP functionality, so that AutoLISP users can consider using them as an alternative to AutoCAD. Most development involving AutoLISP since AutoCAD 2000 is actually performed within Visual LISP since the original AutoLISP engine was replaced with the Visual LISP engine. There are thousands of utilities and applications that have been developed using AutoLISP or Visual LISP (distributed as LSP, FAS and VLX files).

[edit] External links