Avalon

related topics
{god, call, give}
{island, water, area}
{land, century, early}
{son, year, death}
{church, century, christian}
{theory, work, human}
{work, book, publish}
{area, part, region}

Avalon (probably from the Welsh word afal, meaning apple; see Etymology below) is a legendary island featured in the Arthurian legend, famous for its beautiful apples. It first appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's 1136 pseudohistorical account Historia Regum Britanniae ("The History of the Kings of Britain") as the place where King Arthur's sword Caliburn (Excalibur) was forged and later where Arthur is taken to recover from his wounds after the Battle of Camlann. Avalon was associated from an early date with immortal beings such as Morgan le Fay.

Contents

Etymology

Geoffrey of Monmouth called it in Latin Insula Avallonis in the Historia. In the later Vita Merlini he called it Insula Pomorum the "isle of apples". The name is generally considered to be of Welsh origin, derived from Old Welsh abal ("apple") or aball ("apple tree") (Middle Welsh aval, avall; Modern Welsh afal, afall), though an Old Cornish or Old Breton origin is also possible.[1][2][3][4] It is also possible that the tradition of an "apple" island among the British was influenced by Irish legends concerning the otherworld island home of Manannán mac Lir and Lugh, Emain Ablach (also the Old Irish poetic name for the Isle of Man),[1] where Ablach means "Having Apple Trees"[5] - derived from Old Irish aball ("apple")—and is similar to the Middle Welsh name Afallach, which was used to replace the name Avalon in medieval Welsh translations of French and Latin Arthurian tales). All are etymologically related to the Gaulish root *aballo- (as found in the place name Aballo/Aballone, now Avallon in Burgundy) and are derived from a Common Celtic *abal- "apple", which is related at the Proto-Indo-European level to English apple, Russian jabloko, Latvian abele, et al.[6][7]

Full article ▸

related documents
Satan
Legend of Osiris and Isis
Hadad
Centaur
Ark of the Covenant
Epic of Gilgamesh
Inanna
Leto
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Jason
Siren
Persephone
Orpheus
Neith
Ares
Njörðr
Balaam
Kalki
Fomorians
Book of Joshua
Satyr
Demeter
Egyptian soul
Sphinx
Horned God
Lethe
Moab
Will-o'-the-wisp
Massacre of the Innocents
Mummy